2017 July 10 : AsiaNet-Pakistan

Archive for July 10th, 2017

لانژوسرمایہ کاری و تجارت میلہ رواں سال مزید عالمی سطح پر جاتا ہوا

July 10, 2017 | General, Urdu

لانژو، چین، 10 جولائی 2017ء/سنہوا-ایشیانیٹ/– 23 واں لانژوسرمایہ کاری و تجارتی میلہ سوموار کی دوپہر اختتام کو پہنچا۔ بیلٹ اینڈ روڈ منصوبے کے مرکزی موضوع ہونے کے ساتھ ساتھ مقامی میلہ بی اینڈ آر اقتصادی و تجارتی تبادلوں کی سرگرمیوں کی بدولت زیادہ عالمی سطح پر گیا۔ رواں سال کے لانژو میلے نے سلک روڈ […]

Read More

موبايك وجيمالتو تتحدان لإتاحة اتصالات إنترنت الأشياء لخدمات مشاركة الدراجات خارج الصين

July 10, 2017 | Education, Other Language, Urdu

أمستردام، 10 يوليو2017 – أعلنت شركة جيمالتو، الرائدة على مستوى العالم في مجال الأمن الرقمي (والمسجلة في بورصة يورونيكست تحت الرمز NL0000400653 GTO)، وشركة موبايك، أكبر منصة ذكية لمشاركة الدراجات، عن توسيع نطاق الشراكة فيما بينهما في مجال توفير اتصالات إنترنت آمنة لأسطول دراجات موبايك. يتم تضمين تقنيات وحدة Cinterion M2M و Machine Identification Module […]

Read More

The Lanzhou Investment and Trade Fair Going More Global This Year

July 10, 2017 | General

LANZHOU, China, July 10, 2017 /Xinhua-AsiaNet/– The 23rd Lanzhou Investment and Trade Fair closed Monday afternoon. With the Belt and Road Initiative as one major theme, the local fair becomes more global thanks to a string of B&R economic and trade exchange activities. This year’s Lanzhou fair increased exchanges with countries along the 21st Century […]

Read More

لاجسٹکس شعبے کے لیے اخراجات میں کمی اور موثریت بڑھانے کی خاطر پہلی اسمارٹ لاجسٹکس ایکسپریس کا اجراء

July 10, 2017 | General

گوانگچو ، چین، 8 جولائی 2017ء/ سنہوا-ایشیانیٹ/– 7 جولائی کو گوانگ ڈونگ آئی بوسٹ لمیٹڈ نے “پہلی اسمارٹ لاجسٹکس ایکسپریس” جاری کی، ایک منصوبہ چین کے شہری و دیہی علاقوں میں ایک اسمارٹ لاجسٹکس ایکسپریس کیبل ریل نظام کی تعمیر کے لیے وقف ہے، اس کا ہدف ملک بھر میں اسی روز اور شہروں میں […]

Read More

With Eye on China, India, US and Japan Conduct Naval Drills

July 10, 2017 | General, Sports

In a signal of deepening military cooperation between India, the United States and Japan, the three countries have deployed some of their largest warships and submarines in the Indian Ocean for an annual naval exercise that is conducted with an eye on China.

The naval drills have expanded in the last two years amid growing concerns over Chinese maritime assertiveness not just in South China Sea, but also in the Indian Ocean.

The Malabar exercises are the most visible symbol of New Delhi’s strengthening security ties with the United States, which were reaffirmed last month by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and U.S. President Donald Trump.

Exercise expands

This year’s weeklong maneuvers on the high seas, which began Monday, involve more than 15 warships, including the US nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Nimitz, India’s aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, and Japan’s largest warship, the JS Izumo.

The focus this year is on anti-submarine warfare.

The exercise has grown in scope and complexity to address the variety of threats to maritime security in the Indo-Asia Pacific, according to a US embassy statement.

In recent months, the Indian Navy has recorded an unusual surge in the number of Chinese naval vessels in the Indian Ocean and tracked at least seven Chinese submarines entering the region since December 2013 according to military observers. They believe this could be muscle flexing by Beijing.

We understand that there are about 13 vessels of different kind, whether for anti-piracy or for surveillance, are currently in the Indian Ocean, says Vijay Sakhuja, Director of the National Maritime Foundation in New Delhi. So it certainly is like the Chinese navy is in your backyard and it is a matter of concern.

Chinese funding and assistance for building ports in Pakistan and Sri Lanka has added to Indian concerns about the forays by Chinese ships.

Beijing wary

Beijing on its part remains suspicious of the trilateral naval engagement, particularly after it expanded to include Japan since 2015, believing that it is an effort to contain its influence.

Ahead of the Malabar exercises this year, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said that while China had no objection to normal cooperation between countries, We hope that this kind of relationship and cooperation will not be directed against third country and that it will be conducive to the regional peace and security.”

Sakhuja says the three countries are developing a coordinated approach, to not contain, not even counter, just to be around in the Indian Ocean to just watch how the Chinese navy would be unfolding itself in the coming years.

During Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Washington last month, Trump called their security partnership incredibly important and both countries pledged to expand maritime security cooperation. India has also come increasingly close to Japan in the last two years � during a visit to Tokyo in May. Indian Defense Minister Arun Jaitley said that India is looking to strengthen military cooperation with Japan.

But New Delhi turned down a request by Australia to join the trilateral exercise.

The ships of the three nations streamed into the high seas as a tense standoff between India and China showed no signs of easing in the high Himalaya mountains.

Soldiers from the two countries have been confronting each other since last month, when Indian soldiers obstructed a Chinese road-building project in a plateau disputed between China and Bhutan, a close ally of India. China has repeatedly called on India to withdraw its troops, but so far both sides have refused to back down.

Source: Voice of America

Read More

In Power-short Pakistan, Switch to Solar Power Hit by Rumors

July 10, 2017 | Legal & Politics

LARKANA, PAKISTAN � Mohammad Aslam has finally found a way to give his family relief from extended power cuts. In February this year he installed a 300-watt solar power generating system on the roof of his house.

In Pakistan, power outages scheduled by the country’s strained public electric utilities frequently hit households, lasting as long as 10 hours a day in towns and cities and up to 16 hours in rural areas.

The situation is worst during the brutally hot summer months, when air conditioners often overload the national grid.

Buying solar panels to create power at home might seem an obvious way to bridge the gap. But although the panels have been available since 2014 in Aslam’s town of Larkana, in the southern province of Sindh, the 35-year-old entrepreneur waited two years before finally installing one.

Cost wasn’t the problem. Instead, he said, he was put off by rumors that solar panels would actually make things worse.

Unscrupulous local utility officials, he says, told him that the dark-colored solar panels, built to absorb the sun’s rays and convert them to electricity, would increase the ambient heat in the buildings they were attached to, pushing the temperature indoors even higher.

According to Aslam, the officials even said that the growing use of solar panels was to blame for the more frequent and intense heat waves that Pakistan has experienced – something scientists say is entirely untrue.

Climate change and worsening extreme heat is instead driven largely by a huge expansion in the use of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas since the start of the industrial revolution, they say.

“I discovered it was a fake rumor only after I installed the solar system on the insistence of my friend, a graduate in electric engineering,” Aslam told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in an interview.

His friend assured him that the rumors were just a trick by utility company employees bent on discouraging wide-scale adoption of solar energy adoption in order to safeguard their jobs.

Tariq Mehmood, general manager of the Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO), a public power utility, said he was not aware of any IESCO employees spreading rumors.

“Our power utility has nothing to do with [any rumors] and disowns them. People shouldn’t believe them,” Mehmood said in a telephone interview.

‘A great relief’

Aslam’s new solar home system – two solar panels, four ceiling fans, four energy-saving lights and a rechargeable battery – cost him $500.

During the day the system powers the ceiling fans and stores enough electricity in the battery to run the fans and lights for six or seven hours at night if the grid electricity supply goes off. The battery can recharge in sunlight in three hours.

“We have fans and lights [that] remain on whenever power outages hit us. What makes me more happy is that my family feels a great relief thanks to it,” Aslam said.

Abdul Karim, a solar panel retailer at the Aabpara electronic market in Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, said prospective customers often mention having heard the rumors that solar panels add to heat problems.

“To prove these rumors wrong, often I have to take them to the rooftop of my shop to show them the solar system that powers my shop,” Karim said. “Then many buy solar systems from me.”

As solar home systems become more affordable, many households see them as an alternative to trying to get a new electrical connection via the public power utilities.

According to Mir Ahmad Shah, executive secretary of the Pakistan Renewable and Alternative Energy Association, public utilities that control power distribution and supply fear that the gradual adoption of solar energy will make people less reliant on the national grid.

“Employees of the public power utilities are hampering this growing shift to solar energy through rumors, because they fear the growing adoption solar energy systems will lead to overall revenue decline from new connection applications,” Shah said.

Cash for service?

Retired Pakistan Railways employee Raja Jameel said he was unsuccessful in getting a grid connection two year ago for his new home in Ghouri, a rural locality on Islamabad’s outskirts.

“What [finally] worked in a matter of a few hours to get what I was denied for nearly four months was a $50 bribe to a superintendent of IESCO,” Jameel said in an interview.

He said he believes that in some utility companies, employees responsible for approving new power connections try to dissuade potential solar adopters by spreading false rumors about the panels, largely because they do not want to lose potential bribes for approving new grid connections.

Jameel plans to build a second story onto his home to rent out, but he says he will install a 2-kilowatt solar home system to power it, rather than begging for a new power connection from the utility.

IESCO’s Mehmood said that although the utility had periodically received complaints from customers about bribe-taking, it had taken steps to reduce the problem.

“IESCO management has controlled [bribe-taking] through a strong online public complaint redressal system established a few years ago. Besides, we have made the process of sanctioning and issuing new electricity connection systems more transparent and hassle-free,” Mehmood said.

In an interview outside the Parliament building in Islamabad, Minister of State for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali did not deny that power distribution companies, including IESCO, have had problems with corruption, but said the government took all complaints regarding such matters seriously.

“We have a zero-tolerance policy regarding bribery in the public power utilities across the country,” Ali said.

The minister added there is a robust complaints mechanism, and that any employees found to have been corrupt are demoted or dismissed.

Source: Voice of America

Read More

In Power-short Pakistan, Switch to Solar Power Hit by Rumors

July 10, 2017 | Legal & Politics

LARKANA, PAKISTAN � Mohammad Aslam has finally found a way to give his family relief from extended power cuts. In February this year he installed a 300-watt solar power generating system on the roof of his house.

In Pakistan, power outages scheduled by the country’s strained public electric utilities frequently hit households, lasting as long as 10 hours a day in towns and cities and up to 16 hours in rural areas.

The situation is worst during the brutally hot summer months, when air conditioners often overload the national grid.

Buying solar panels to create power at home might seem an obvious way to bridge the gap. But although the panels have been available since 2014 in Aslam’s town of Larkana, in the southern province of Sindh, the 35-year-old entrepreneur waited two years before finally installing one.

Cost wasn’t the problem. Instead, he said, he was put off by rumors that solar panels would actually make things worse.

Unscrupulous local utility officials, he says, told him that the dark-colored solar panels, built to absorb the sun’s rays and convert them to electricity, would increase the ambient heat in the buildings they were attached to, pushing the temperature indoors even higher.

According to Aslam, the officials even said that the growing use of solar panels was to blame for the more frequent and intense heat waves that Pakistan has experienced – something scientists say is entirely untrue.

Climate change and worsening extreme heat is instead driven largely by a huge expansion in the use of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas since the start of the industrial revolution, they say.

“I discovered it was a fake rumor only after I installed the solar system on the insistence of my friend, a graduate in electric engineering,” Aslam told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in an interview.

His friend assured him that the rumors were just a trick by utility company employees bent on discouraging wide-scale adoption of solar energy adoption in order to safeguard their jobs.

Tariq Mehmood, general manager of the Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO), a public power utility, said he was not aware of any IESCO employees spreading rumors.

“Our power utility has nothing to do with [any rumors] and disowns them. People shouldn’t believe them,” Mehmood said in a telephone interview.

‘A great relief’

Aslam’s new solar home system – two solar panels, four ceiling fans, four energy-saving lights and a rechargeable battery – cost him $500.

During the day the system powers the ceiling fans and stores enough electricity in the battery to run the fans and lights for six or seven hours at night if the grid electricity supply goes off. The battery can recharge in sunlight in three hours.

“We have fans and lights [that] remain on whenever power outages hit us. What makes me more happy is that my family feels a great relief thanks to it,” Aslam said.

Abdul Karim, a solar panel retailer at the Aabpara electronic market in Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, said prospective customers often mention having heard the rumors that solar panels add to heat problems.

“To prove these rumors wrong, often I have to take them to the rooftop of my shop to show them the solar system that powers my shop,” Karim said. “Then many buy solar systems from me.”

As solar home systems become more affordable, many households see them as an alternative to trying to get a new electrical connection via the public power utilities.

According to Mir Ahmad Shah, executive secretary of the Pakistan Renewable and Alternative Energy Association, public utilities that control power distribution and supply fear that the gradual adoption of solar energy will make people less reliant on the national grid.

“Employees of the public power utilities are hampering this growing shift to solar energy through rumors, because they fear the growing adoption solar energy systems will lead to overall revenue decline from new connection applications,” Shah said.

Cash for service?

Retired Pakistan Railways employee Raja Jameel said he was unsuccessful in getting a grid connection two year ago for his new home in Ghouri, a rural locality on Islamabad’s outskirts.

“What [finally] worked in a matter of a few hours to get what I was denied for nearly four months was a $50 bribe to a superintendent of IESCO,” Jameel said in an interview.

He said he believes that in some utility companies, employees responsible for approving new power connections try to dissuade potential solar adopters by spreading false rumors about the panels, largely because they do not want to lose potential bribes for approving new grid connections.

Jameel plans to build a second story onto his home to rent out, but he says he will install a 2-kilowatt solar home system to power it, rather than begging for a new power connection from the utility.

IESCO’s Mehmood said that although the utility had periodically received complaints from customers about bribe-taking, it had taken steps to reduce the problem.

“IESCO management has controlled [bribe-taking] through a strong online public complaint redressal system established a few years ago. Besides, we have made the process of sanctioning and issuing new electricity connection systems more transparent and hassle-free,” Mehmood said.

In an interview outside the Parliament building in Islamabad, Minister of State for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali did not deny that power distribution companies, including IESCO, have had problems with corruption, but said the government took all complaints regarding such matters seriously.

“We have a zero-tolerance policy regarding bribery in the public power utilities across the country,” Ali said.

The minister added there is a robust complaints mechanism, and that any employees found to have been corrupt are demoted or dismissed.

Source: Voice of America

Read More

With Eye on China, India, US and Japan Conduct Naval Drills

July 10, 2017 | General, Sports

In a signal of deepening military cooperation between India, the United States and Japan, the three countries have deployed some of their largest warships and submarines in the Indian Ocean for an annual naval exercise that is conducted with an eye on China.

The naval drills have expanded in the last two years amid growing concerns over Chinese maritime assertiveness not just in South China Sea, but also in the Indian Ocean.

The Malabar exercises are the most visible symbol of New Delhi’s strengthening security ties with the United States, which were reaffirmed last month by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and U.S. President Donald Trump.

Exercise expands

This year’s weeklong maneuvers on the high seas, which began Monday, involve more than 15 warships, including the US nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Nimitz, India’s aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, and Japan’s largest warship, the JS Izumo.

The focus this year is on anti-submarine warfare.

The exercise has grown in scope and complexity to address the variety of threats to maritime security in the Indo-Asia Pacific, according to a US embassy statement.

In recent months, the Indian Navy has recorded an unusual surge in the number of Chinese naval vessels in the Indian Ocean and tracked at least seven Chinese submarines entering the region since December 2013 according to military observers. They believe this could be muscle flexing by Beijing.

We understand that there are about 13 vessels of different kind, whether for anti-piracy or for surveillance, are currently in the Indian Ocean, says Vijay Sakhuja, Director of the National Maritime Foundation in New Delhi. So it certainly is like the Chinese navy is in your backyard and it is a matter of concern.

Chinese funding and assistance for building ports in Pakistan and Sri Lanka has added to Indian concerns about the forays by Chinese ships.

Beijing wary

Beijing on its part remains suspicious of the trilateral naval engagement, particularly after it expanded to include Japan since 2015, believing that it is an effort to contain its influence.

Ahead of the Malabar exercises this year, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said that while China had no objection to normal cooperation between countries, We hope that this kind of relationship and cooperation will not be directed against third country and that it will be conducive to the regional peace and security.”

Sakhuja says the three countries are developing a coordinated approach, to not contain, not even counter, just to be around in the Indian Ocean to just watch how the Chinese navy would be unfolding itself in the coming years.

During Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Washington last month, Trump called their security partnership incredibly important and both countries pledged to expand maritime security cooperation. India has also come increasingly close to Japan in the last two years � during a visit to Tokyo in May. Indian Defense Minister Arun Jaitley said that India is looking to strengthen military cooperation with Japan.

But New Delhi turned down a request by Australia to join the trilateral exercise.

The ships of the three nations streamed into the high seas as a tense standoff between India and China showed no signs of easing in the high Himalaya mountains.

Soldiers from the two countries have been confronting each other since last month, when Indian soldiers obstructed a Chinese road-building project in a plateau disputed between China and Bhutan, a close ally of India. China has repeatedly called on India to withdraw its troops, but so far both sides have refused to back down.

Source: Voice of America

Read More

Afghan Police: Children Kidnapped To Be Suicide Bombers For Taliban

July 10, 2017 | Medical

Afghan police have arrested members of a human trafficking ring they say kidnapped 25 children and tried to smuggle them into Pakistan, where they were to be trained as suicide bombers for the Afghan Taliban.At least one of the children who was to be t…

Read More

New ‘Roadmap’ Provides Lifeline for Unaccompanied, Migrant Children in Europe

July 10, 2017 | Entertainment

GENEVA � Thousands of unaccompanied and separated refugee and migrant children risk exploitation, trafficking, abuse and violence because European asylum countries have failed to protect them, according to three leading humanitarian organizations.

To remedy this situation, the United Nations’ refugee agency (UNHCR), the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and International Rescue Committee (IRC) have devised a Roadmap for Action to protect vulnerable children arriving and staying in Europe.

While the total number of arrivals to Europe has decreased, the situation of unaccompanied and separated children remains an emergency, said Diane Goodman, deputy director of the UNHCR’s Europe bureau.

It is wrong to assume that children are safe as soon as they reach Europe. They are not. In fact, many children experience violence, abuse and exploitation while in Europe and Europe is failing these extremely vulnerable children, she said.

Goodman noted that the youngsters often were detained upon arrival in Europe, with many placed with adults in large centers. Others were living in squats, train stations or on the streets.

Without safe and appropriate care, we will never be able to establish trust or find a solution in the child’s best interests, she said.

UNICEF has said the underlying causes that prompted children and their families to make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean Sea remain, as millions of people are still affected by the conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

Launched Monday, the Roadmap was developed in consultation with 100 practitioners, including guardians, psychologists, social workers and lawyers, as well as authorities from several European countries and the European Union.

Annalisa Brusati, the IRC’s child protection senior technical adviser, noted that refugee and migrant children who testified about their experiences, fears and hopes and dreams also provided valuable input to the development of the Roadmap.

For example, she said a 14-year-old Algerian boy told aid workers that all children my age are not feeling safe. They are forced to go into war and they are all dying.”

We deserve a normal childhood like other children in the world, he said.

Additionally, there was the 17-year old Afghan boy who described how unprotected he and other children felt during their perilous journey, concluding that, We were forced to trust the smugglers.

Commenting on the testimonials, Brusati said, The children’s experience also shows a way forward by letting us know what currently works and what needs to be scaled up and replicated.

“The way forward that IRC, UNHCR and UNICEF are presenting today completes this roadmap and lays out our seven clear recommendations to improve the current response offered to these children, ensuring they are protected and supported in a coordinated and effective manner, she said.

The Roadmap highlights the need to identify children, register them through child-friendly procedures and build a relationship of trust with them as early as possible. Another key recommendation is to ensure that a well-trained guardian takes immediate responsibility for the child.

This is a really important part because every child needs to feel safe as soon as possible, David Mcloughlin, UNICEF’s deputy director for Europe and Central Asia, told VOA.

They need someone who is responsible that can be trusted as a guardian, he said.

Data show that since July 2015, more than 130,000 unaccompanied and separated children have arrived in Europe. The United Nations reports more than 5,000 children traveled to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain during the first quarter of this year and that nearly 70 percent of them were by themselves.

In March, UNICEF welcomed a decision by Italy’s parliament to pass a law aimed at supporting and protecting the record number of foreign unaccompanied and separated children who arrived in that country. Nearly 26,000 did so in 2016, with the numbers expected to climb this year.

The aid agencies report that most unaccompanied children arriving in Europe were boys between the ages of 15 and 17. The majority who made it to Greece in the first three months of 2017 were from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria and Iraq.

They reported that 94 percent of the 3,714 children who arrived in Italy were unaccompanied or separated. Most originated from Guinea, Gambia, Ivory Coast and Bangladesh.

Lucio Melandri, UNICEF migration coordinator, observed that these youngsters encountered violence throughout their journey; but, those who were particularly vulnerable, he noted, were the children who were overlooked in the national systems.

Falling through the cracks means that they are becoming almost invisible. So, they are then relying on smuggling, criminal organizations.

And, you know that frequently, this kind of path could lead to human trafficking, could lead to prostitution of children, could lead to even worse cases of abuse and exploitation, he said. We need institutions to prevent all of this happening, to prevent violence.

Source: Voice of America

Read More

Hindu Pilgrims Shot, Killed in Kashmir

July 10, 2017 | Business

At least six Hindu pilgrims were fatally shot by suspected militants in Indian-controlled Kashmir, police said Monday.The victims were among nearly 50 people traveling on an annual pilgrimage when their vehicle was attacked by what local police suspect…

Read More

High-Level Probe Recommends Corruption Case Against Pakistan’s Sharif

July 10, 2017 | Education

ISLAMABAD � The JIT, which included experts from civilian and military intelligence agencies, summoned and questioned Sharif and his children about their family assets and contacted governments abroad before finalizing the report.

Failure on the part of all respondents to produce the requisite information confirming known sources of income is prima facie tantamount not being able to justify assets and the means of income, the JIT concluded in its findings, which followed the two-month investigation.

A panel appointed by Pakistan’s Supreme Court to look into the financial wealth and overseas assets of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his children has recommended that a corruption case be brought against the family.

The six-member Joint Investigation Team, or JIT, Monday presented the court with a detailed report which said, There exists significant gap/disparity amongst the known and declared sources of income and wealth accumulated by Sharif, his two sons, Hussain Nawaz and Hassan Nawaz, and daughter, Maryam Nawaz.

Although it will be for the Supreme Court to take further legal action based on the findings, legal experts see the JIT report as a major political blow to Sharif, who has consistently denied charges of wrongdoing. The findings prompted calls from political opponents and media commentators for the prime minister to immediately resign.

He has been declared a criminal of this country so what morality does he have to sit in the prime minister’s seat anymore, Imran Khan, leader of the country’s main opposition Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party, told reporters shortly after the JIT report was released.

Khan’s party has been leading the legal battles against Prime Minister Sharif. Khan alleges that Sharif received kickbacks and commissions while he was prime minister of Pakistan twice in the 1990’s and siphoned off the money to offshore accounts.

Several federal ministers at a hurriedly arranged news conference, however, condemned the report as a bundle of lies and contradictions. They vowed to challenge it in the Supreme Court.

The probe against Sharif and his family dates back to April 2016, when the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists published a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigation of a global financial industry that enabled politicians, business people, criminals and others around the world to hide their ill-gotten gains or provide tax havens through offshore companies.

The leaked financial documents, known as the Panama Papers, listed Sharif’s two sons and daughter as holders of offshore accounts.

Source: Voice of America

Read More